Interindividual differences in intelligence, personality traits and vocational interests: examining the Ackerman’s model of adults intellectual development
Barbra Kristofich Ambruš Institute for Research and Development of Human Resources, Zagreb firstname.lastname@example.org
Self and Others are concepts people are faced with from beginning to the end of their lives in the community but how to measure it is a challenging issue not easy to answer? Intelligence, personality and vocational interests are the common measures of interindividual differences which are used by psychologist in different settings to differentiate and compare individual to the others in terms of sex, age, educational, nationality and other group markers. The aim of the present study was to examine the relations between intelligence, personality and vocational interests through examining the Ackerman’s model of trait categorization and to define the complexes of intellectual abilities and personality traits which determine the vocational interest of adolescents.
The research was carried out on 306 pupils (M-24,5%, W-68%; 28 didn’t specified sex) from 2nd till 4th class of the secondary schools in Zagreb. The results show that personality traits are more significant predictor than abilities in predicting artistic, social, enterprising and conventional interests. The factor analysis yielded the five-factor structure of variables thereby partially confirming the Ackerman’s model.
This research contribute to more simple and easier data interpretation in vocational guidance process and to the better understanding of interindividual differences in work behavior.
Key words: intelligence, personality traits, vocational interests, Ackermans model of adults intellectual development